ADRENERGIC DRUGS

ADRENERGIC DRUGS (Sympathomimetics)

 Adrenergic drugs are the drugs that stimulate certain nerves in your body by mimicking the action of the neurotransmitters, Adrenaline and Noradrenaline or by stimulating their release. They stimulate adrenergic receptors and produce actions similar to that of Adrenaline.

1. CHEMICAL CLASSIFICATION

a. CATECHOLAMINES

Noradrenaline

Adrenaline

Dopamine

Synthetic

Isoprenaline

Dobutamine

Dopexamine

Dipivefrine

 

b. NON-CATECHOLAMINES

Amphetamine

 

2. CLASSIFICATION DEPENDING ON MODE OF ACTION

a. DIRECTLY ACTING:

Noradrenaline

Isoprenaline

Dopamine

Phenylephrine

Methoxamine

Xylometazoline

Salbutamol

 

b. INDIRECTLY ACTING:

Amphetamine

Tyramine

 

c. MIXED ACTION:

Ephedrine

Pseudoephedrine

Phenylpropanolamine

Mephentermine

 

3. THERAPEUTIC CLASSIFICATION

1. Pressor agents:

Noradrenaline

Phenylephrine

Ephedrine

Methoxamine

Dopamine

Mephentermine

 

2. Cardiac stimulants:

Adrenaline

Dobutamine

Isoprenaline

 

3. Bronchodilators:

Isoprenaline

Salbutamol (Albuterol)

Salmeterol

Bambuterol

Formoterol

Terbutaline

 

4. Nasal decongestants:

Phenylephrine

Pseudoephedrine

Xylometazoline

Oxymetazoline

Naphazoline

Phenyl propanolamine

 

5. CNS stimulants:

Amphetamine

Methamphetamine

Dexamphetamine

Methylphenidate

 

6. Anorectics:

Amphetamine

Fenfluramine

Sibutramine

Dexfenfluramine

 

7. Uterine relaxant & vasodilators

Ritodrine

Salbutamol

Isoxsuprine

Terbutaline