Month: December 2019

ANTIARRHYTHMIC DRUGS

1. CLASS I: Membrane stabilizing agents (Na+ channel blockers) a. Moderately decrease dv/dt of 0 phase Quinidine Procainamide Disopyramide Moricizine b. Little decrease in dv/dt of 0 phase Lidocaine Mexiletine c. Marked decrease in dv/dt of 0 phase Propafenone Flecainide   2. CLASS II: Antiadrenergic agents (β  blockers) Propranolol Esmolol Sotalol (also class III) 3. […]

DRUGS FOR CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

1. Inotropic drugs a. Cardiac glycosides: Digoxin Digitoxin Quabain b. Sympathomimetics: Dobutamine Dopamine c. Phosphodiesterase III inhibitors: Amrinone (Inamrinone) Milrinone 2. Diuretics a. High ceiling diuretics: Furosemide Bumetanide b. Thiazide like diuretics: Hydrochlorothiazide Metolazone Xipamide 3. Inhibitors of Renin-Angiotensin system a. ACE-inhibitors: Enalapril Ramipril and others b. Angiotensin (AT1receptor) antagonists: Losartan and others   4. […]

DRUGS FOR PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES

1. RHEOLOGICAL AGENT Pentoxiphylline (Oxpentifylline)   2. VASODILATORS a. Direct acting vasodilators Cyclandelate Xanthinol nicotinate (Nicotinyl xanthinate) b. β-Adrenergic agonists Isoxsuprine Nylidrin c. α-Adrenergic blockers Prazosin Tolazoline Phenoxybenzamine d. Calcium channel blockers Nifedipine Nitredipine e. Others Prostacyclin(PGI2)   3. PHOSPHODIESTERASE-3 INHIBITOR Cilostazol   4. ANTIPLATELET DRUGS Aspirin Clopidogrel Ticlopidine   5. ANTIOXIDANTS Vitamin E   […]

ANTIANGINAL DRUGS

1. Nitrates a. Short acting: Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN, Nitro-glycerine) b. Long acting: Isosorbide dinitrate (short acting by sublingual route) Isosorbide mononitrate Erythrityl tetranitrate Penta erythritol tetranitrate   2. β  Blockers Propranolol Metoprolol Atenolol and others   3. Calcium channel blockers a. Phenyl alkylamine: Verapamil b. Benzothiazepine: Diltiazem c. Dihydropyridines: Nifedipine Felodipine Amlodipine Nitrendipine Lacidipine Benidipine Lercanidipine […]

ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS

1. DIURETICS a. Thiazides: Hydrochlorothiazide Chlorthalidone Indapamide b. High ceiling: Furosemide, etc. c. K+  sparing: Spironolactone Triamterene Amiloride   2 .RENIN ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM INHIBITORS a. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: Captopril Enalapril Lisinopril Perindopril Ramipril Benazepril Trandolapril Fosinopril Imidapril b. Angiotensin (AT1receptor) antagonists: Losartan Candesartan Irbesartan Valsartan Telmisartan Olmesartan c. Renin inhibitor Aliskiren Ramikiren 3. […]

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