BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS – PENICILLINS, CEPHALOSPORINS, MONOBACTAM, CARBAPENEMS

PENICILLINS

1. Natural Penicillin

Benzyl Penicillin (Penicillin G)

 

2. Semisynthetic Penicillins

a. Acid  resistant  alternative  to  penicillin  G

Phenoxymethyl penicillin (Penicillin V)

 

b. Penicillinase resistant penicillins

Methicillin

Cloxacillin

Dicloxacillin

c. Extended spectrum penicillins

Aminopenicillins:

Ampicillin

Bacampicillin

Amoxicillin

Carboxypenicillins:

Carbenicillin

Ticarcillin

Ureidopenicillins:

Piperacillin

Mezlocillin

 

3. β-lactamase inhibitors

Clavulanic acid

Sulbactam

Tazobactam

 

 

 

CEPHALOSPORINS

1. First generation

a. Parenteral

Cephalothin

Cefazolin

b. Oral

Cephalexin

Cephradine

Cefadroxil

 

2. Second generation

a. Parenteral

Cefuroxime

Cefoxitin

b. Oral

Cefaclor

Cefuroxime axetil

Cefprozil

 

3. Third generation

a. Parenteral

Cefotaxime

Ceftizoxime

Ceftriaxone

Ceftazidime

Cefoperazone

b. Oral

Cefixime

Cefpodoxime proxetil

Cefdinir

Ceftibuten

Ceftamet pivoxil

 

4. Fourth generation

 Parenteral

Cefepime

Cefpirome

 

 

MONOBACTAM

Aztreonam

 

 

CARBAPENEMS

Imipenem-cilastatin

Meropenem

Faropenem

Doripenem

 

 

BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS – PENICILLINS, CEPHALOSPORINS, MONOBACTAM, CARBAPENEMS
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